I celebrate amateur solutions to complex problems.  I repurpose discarded objects and build mechanical contraptions that perform. The contraptions I create are residue of a process of simulating responses to found circumstances. I work within existing systems and observe the reaction of these systems to my actions. I instigate change in a manner that is purposely low-tech. The vulnerability of these instruments is critical to comprehending the humility of intervening to reorder everyday conditions. I work to establish equilibrium between ambition and uncertainty and use this frame to assess the perplexities of contemporary being.